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Fact Fluency Expectations

 

Fluency is not meant to come at the expense of understanding but is an outcome of a progression of learning and sufficient thoughtful practice. It is important to provide the conceptual building blocks that develop understanding in tandem with skill along the way to fluency; the roots of this conceptual understanding often extend one or more grades earlier in the standards than the grade when fluency is finally expected.

 

Wherever the word fluently appears in a content standard, the word means quickly and accurately. It means more or less the same as when someone is said to be fluent in a foreign language. To be fluent is to flow: Fluent isn’t halting, stumbling, or reversing oneself. A key aspect of fluency in this sense is that it is not something that happens all at once in a single grade but requires attention to student understanding along the way. It is important to ensure that sufficient practice and extra support are provided at each grade to allow all students to meet the standards that call explicitly for fluency.

 

The table below shows the fluencies expected at each grade level.  Click on the grade level button to access resources for developing fact fluency.

 

Grade Standard Expected Fluency
K

 

K.OA.5

 

Add/subtract within 5.

1

 

1.OA.6

 

Add/subtract within 10.

2

 

2.OA.2

2.NBT.5

 

Add/subtract within 20.  (Know single digit sums from memory.)

Add/subtract within 100.

3

 

3.OA.7

3.NBT.2

 

Multiply/divide within 100.  (Know single digit products from memory.)

Add/subtract within 1000.

4

 

4.NBT.4

 

Add/subtract within 1,000,000.

5

 

5.NBT.5

 

Perform multi-digit multiplication.